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Gil Kane cover (5/77)
white pages; QES Certified - criteria met: preferred staple placement + perfect staple area + exceptional cover whiteness
Gil Kane cover (5/77)
Frank Giacoia (July 6, 1924 – February 4, 1988) was an American comics artist known primarily as an inker. He sometimes worked under the name Frank Ray, Giacoia made the rounds to almost every Golden Age publisher, notably working on Flash and Batman stories, he also worked at Timely during this period. In the Silver Age Frank worked on many Jack Kirby pages, particularly in Captain America, and he also notably inked the first appearance of the Punisher in AMS #129.
Gil Kane was a Latvian-born American comics artist whose career spanned the 1940s to the 1990s and virtually every major comics company and character. Kane co-created the modern-day versions of the superheroes Green Lantern and the Atom for DC Comics, and co-created Iron Fist with Roy Thomas for Marvel Comics. He was involved in such major storylines as that of The Amazing Spider-Man #96–98, which, at the behest of the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, bucked the then-prevalent Comics Code Authority to depict drug abuse, and ultimately spurred an update of the Code. Kane additionally pioneered an early graphic novel prototype, His Name Is... Savage, in 1968, and a seminal graphic novel, Blackmark, in 1971. In 1997, he was inducted into both the Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame and the Harvey Award Jack Kirby Hall of Fame.
Pablo Marcos Ortega, known professionally as Pablo Marcos (born March 31, 1937), is a comic book artist and commercial illustrator best known as one of his home country, Peru’s, leading cartoonists and for his work on such popular American comic characters as Batman and Conan the Barbarian, particularly during the 1970s. His signature character was Marvel Comics’ the Zombie, for which Marcos drew all but one story in the black-and-white horror-comics magazine Tales of the Zombie (1973-1975).
Pablo Marcos was born in the small town of Laran, Chincha Alta, Peru, and moved with his family to the capital, Lima at age five. His parents, Pablo (a taxi and gasoline-truck driver) and Maria Ortega Marcos, had four children at the time: Gloria, Berta, Pablo, and Manuel, later to be joined by Alfredo (who would become a cartoonist and caricaturist in Peru as an adult) and Oswaldo. While at the Bartolomé Herrera high school, Marcos studied under teacher and artist Juan Rivera Saavedra, who introduced him to the works of Argentine, Chilean, Italian and American comic artists such as Alberto Breccia, Arturo del Castillo, Hal Foster, Burne Hogarth, Hugo Pratt, Alex Raymond and Jose Luis Sallinas, among many others.
Political cartoonist Julio Fairle had Marcos fill-in for him with spot illustrations in the influential Latin American newspaper La Prensa, which led to more newspaper work. Marcos later contributed caricatures to such weekly political magazines as Rochabus and Zamba Canuta while still an economics major at Peru’s University of Lima.
During the 1960s, Marcos drew such comic strips as Benito Puma and James Bond 007 in Peruvian newspapers. He became art director of the newspaper Expreso, working as well on its evening edition, Extra, and a weekly supplement, Estampa. Marcos became nationally known in 1965, following his illustrations for the trial and execution by firing squad of a convicted rapist. This wider recognition led to advertising artwork and high-profile political, news and sports illustration. He began freelancing for the Mexican publishing company Editorial Novaro and in 1968 moved with his family to Mexico.
Marcos moved to New Jersey in the U.S. in the 1970s. Warren Publishing art director Billy Graham assigned him his first American-comics work, penciling and inking the six-page story “The Water World”, by writer Buddy Sounders, in Warren’s black-and-white horror-comics magazine Creepy #39 (May 1971). After another Creepy story and one in companion magazine Eerie that year, Marcos drew comics exclusively for rival Skywald Publications’ Nightmare and Psycho from May 1972 to May 1973 cover-dates. Skywald co-founder Sol Brodsky introduced Marcos to fellow Peruvian artist Boris Vallejo, who became a mentor.
When Brodsky, who had been Marvel Comics’ production manager, left Skywald to return to Marvel, he brought Marcos along as an artist and later his staff assistant for roughly two months. Marcos began drawing covers for Marvel UK titles featuring such characters as Captain Britain, Dracula as well as working on “Planet of the Apes”. Marcos’ naturalistic, “illustrative” style, similar to that of Neal Adams, became a mainstay of Marvel’s black-and-white horror-comics magazines Dracula Lives!, Monsters Unleashed, Tales of the Zombie, Vampire Tales and others. The exposure afforded by industry leader Marvel made Marcos a popular artist of the 1970s.
His first color-comics work in the U.S. was the cover of Marvel’s Giant-Size Dracula #2 (Sept. 1974). Marcos’ color-comics interior-art debut came at publisher Martin Goodman’s short-lived Atlas/Seaboard Comics, illustrating the sword-and-sorcery title Iron Jaw #3 (May 1975). He went on to draw the following issue, plus the Iron Jaw story in Barbarians #1 and the cover of The Brute #3 (both July 1975) before the company folded.
Marcos next freelanced for DC Comics, drawing Man-Bat stories in Detective Comics and working on an issue or two each of series including Freedom Fighters, Kamandi, Kobra, Secret Society of Super-Villains and Teen Titans before returning to Marvel to do art for issues of The Avengers, The Mighty Thor and other comics. In 1980, Marcos additionally freelanced for an Italian comic-book series, Tremila Dollari per Ebenezer Cross Western Story, and created the series “Dragon” for the Mexican magazine Ejea.
By the early 1980s, Marcos was at work at what would become one of his signature characters, inking penciler John Buscema on Conan the Barbarian comic books, the black-and-white magazine The Savage Sword of Conan and the newspaper comic strip. Marcos reduced his workload in September 1985 in order to tend to his severely ill wife.
Marcos later illustrated a long run of DC's TV tie-in series Star Trek: The Next Generation through the early 1990s and again from 1993–1994. His last known comics penciling for several years was the 14-page painted story “Om”, scripted by Ron Fortier from a Marcos plot, in Quantum Cat Entertainment’s Frank Frazetta Fantasy Illustrated #7 (July 1999). He returned as an inker two years later on a handful of issues of CrossGen’s Ruse, Mystic, Crux, and Silken Ghost through 2003, and once again did penciling from 2006 to 2008, on comics including Dynamite Entertainment’s Red Sonja and Savage Tales.